Small Hive Beetle Update

To BBKA Members
4 October 14
SMALL HIVE BEETLE UPDATE
The following update has been prepared by the BBKA based on communications with the UK authorities,
including the National Bee Unit and the Chief Plant Health Officer in Defra, since expressing our deep
concerns at the meeting of the Bee Health Advisory Forum (BHAF) on 23 September.
DEVELOPMENTS IN ITALY
The National Bee Unit is in discussion with the Italian authorities and our European partners to ensure that
measures are in place to stop Small Hive Beetle (SHB) from entering the UK and harming our bee population.
Following the discovery of the beetle at the port city of Gioia Tauro in south west Italy, Italian authorities
established a 20km radius protection zone and a 100km surveillance zone around this initial site. Surveillance
and control activities have been focused on the 20km zone and movement restrictions placed in the 100km
zone preventing any export or movement of bees, bee products and equipment from the zone.
On Wednesday (01/10/14) the Italian National Reference Laboratory for Apiculture published an update on
the extent of the outbreak; they report the detection of 16 infested apiaries, all within the original 20km
protection zone. Infected apiaries have been destroyed and the surveillance and control measures continue.
DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UK
For England and Wales, the National Bee Unit has completed the tracing of all imports of packages of bees
imported from Italy, around 600 colonies, and all results have been negative for SHB.
As well as the risk of SHB entering the UK with honeybees there are other potential routes by which SHB
could enter the UK.
We are particularly concerned about the importation of fruit and other plant materials from this agricultural
area of Italy and have urged restriction of the trade in plants, fruit and vegetables from the SHB exclusion zone
in Italy, into the UK. This has been discussed by the Plant Health authorities with Bee Health policy officials
and whilst they state that they do NOT have legal powers to stop the entry of plants, fruit and vegetables from
Italy under plant health legislation, we have urged them to reconsider this aspect under the terms of animal
health provisions. The following actions have already been taken:
1. The Fresh Produce Consortium has been alerted of the risk of SHB entry on imported plants, fruit and
vegetables from Italy and have been supplied with the NBU advisory leaflet. The Consortium has agreed to
inform their members and circulate the leaflet to them.
2. The Plant Health and Seeds Inspectorate which inspects plants, fruit and vegetables at points of entry into
the UK and HM Customs and Excise have been alerted and supplied with information on the risk and to
how identify SHB.
ONGOING DEVELOPMENTS
The BBKA is at present not satisfied that these steps alone are adequate and wishes to see full and early
consideration of the imposition of the importation of fruit, vegetables and plant material from the restriction
zone. The BBKA has requested an urgent meeting with the authorities , currently scheduled for the week
commencing 13 October, to further review the measures in place and to be taken. This will include how best
the BBKA and its members can contribute to dealing with this contingency and a number of related issues such
as the importation of honeybees into the UK. However, it is important to understand that the greatest risk of
undetected entry of SHB into the UK is not likely to be with honeybees but in imported fruit, vegetables and
other plant materials.
It is important that beekeepers can be reassured that an effective contingency plan is in place with effective
methods of early detection based on monitoring of imports, the sentinel hives already in place and that
effective treatments are ready to hand. This will be the key objective in our discussions with those charged
with bee health, but above all, prevention of the pest arriving on our shores..
KEEPING UP TO DATE
The BBKA will continue to update its members via the BBKA website.
Members are also recommended to use the NBU website for the latest information, specifically the News
Pages and the Small Hive Beetle page within the Bee pests and diseases section:
http://www.nationalbeeunit.com/
BeeBase
Beekeepers who subscribe to the RSS feed will get an automated update when the news pages change:
http://www.nationalbeeunit.com/public/News/news.cfm#148
Small hive beetle general information:
http://www.nationalbeeunit.com/index.cfm?pageid=125
Italian National Reference Laboratory for Apiculture
http://www.izsvenezie.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1729:aethina-tumida-situazioneepidemiologica&
catid=59&Itemid=373
http://www.izsvenezie.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1722%3Apresenza-di-aethinatumida-
in-calabria&catid=138&Itemid=606
The information is also on the EU Reference Laboratory for honey bee health ANSES
website
https://eurl-milk.anses.fr/en/minisite/abeilles/detection-aethina-tumida-small-hive-beetle-southern-italy
A copy of the first presentation of the outbreak is publicly available on the Commission website. Things have
moved on since, but it outlines the measures and shows photographs of the first infested colonies.
http://ec.europa.eu/food/committees/regulatory/scfcah/animal_health/presentations_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/food/committees/regulatory/scfcah/animal_health/docs/20140919_aethina_italy.pdf
NB It is essential that this matter is dealt with objectively and responsibly and that
members should be reassured that the BBKA will do its utmost to ensure that the risk
of SHB entering the UK is reduced as much as is legally possible under EU trade and
animal health legislation and that should SHB enter the UK, that we are ready and
prepared to deal with it. Our primary objective is to prevent the arrival of SHB in the
UK.
Dr David Aston
Chair, BBKA Technical and Environmental Committee